Regardless of what approach you choose, always begin with a sentence that is topic piques the reader’s interest.


A lot of your writing assignments calls for more than one paragraph. Most will require 3-5 paragraphs, although some can be a lot longer. How can you organize your opinions while making sure the reader understands your argument within these kinds of papers?

There clearly was a standard structure you can follow to simply help make sure your thoughts are presented logically and effectively. A typical essay should consist of the following:

  • An introduction
  • 1 or higher body paragraphs
  • A Conclusion

The Introduction

Your paragraph that is first should readers to your subject and catch their attention so that they wish to read on. Some approaches that are common the introduction include:

  • Providing background information (historical, statistical, etc.)
  • Using an anecdote
  • Making a controversial or statement that is surprising may be argued for or against
  • Including a quotation from a source that is relevant

Continue with sentences that support or explain your topic so you can lead readers to your thesis statement, which will be typically bought at the final end regarding the introduction. The thesis statement reveals your view that is specific on subject of one’s essay and include a summary of the important points you are making in your argument. The latter could be especially useful to the reader as it gives a road-map to your paper. However, then discuss those points in the same order when you write your body paragraph(s) if you include such a list in your thesis statement, make sure you.

Your Body Paragraphs

The ensuing paragraphs should support your thesis statement by explaining the primary points in your argument. Typically, each point that is main be discussed in its own paragraph.

Each body paragraph should start with a sentence that is topic tells which main point you’ll be covering. You really need to then include supporting sentences that describe your >

You can find a number of different ways you can order the body paragraphs. In a persuasive essay, begin with your strongest or most critical point, proceed to your second-best point, and so on. In an investigation paper, it might make more sense to take a approach that is chronological. Regardless, always try to find a order that is logical that your opinions are really easy to follow and the reader will not get lost. Using signposts might help make the structure of your argument more obvious into the reader. (You can find out about that technique here.)

Your order associated with body paragraphs should match the order of points placed in the thesis statement (if you opt to include information that is such). Try not to include something that is certainly not directly strongly related the topic described in your thesis statement.

Your final paragraph should wrap up the paper and then leave the reader with more than one final thoughts. It must refer back again to the introduction you need to include a summary of most of your argument. Do not simply restatement your thesis statement, though; instead, briefly remind your reader of your position therefore the points that are main designed to support that position. Finish with a thing that clearly indicates the essay is ending. (Or, this basically means, don’t just stop mid-thought!) Some methods for you to end your conclusion are:

  • Call your reader to action
  • Ask a concern
  • Suggest a direction for further research
  • Aim to the long run (give a prediction, express a hope that is particular etc.)
  • Make some variety of final point that ties together most of the ideas in your essay

Expanding This Structure for Longer Papers

Longer papers (mostly likely those around 5 or more pages) should follow a similar structure of introduction-body-conclusion, but every one of those phases are going to be expanded. Your introduction may include paragraphs that are multiple. Additionally, longer papers typically involve more detailed explanations, and thus each point that is main include multiple sub-points that every require their own paragraph. Your inclusion could be expanded to also more than one paragraph.

Each with its own heading in longer papers, it may help to break your writing up into sections. This will organize your argument into more bites that are manageable will help the reader sound right of your paper. For example, I might include the following sections if I were writing a 15-20 page paper about the life of George Washington:

  • Introduction
  • Childhood & Young Adulthood
  • Years Ultimately Causing the Presidency
  • Washington as President
  • Life after the Presidency
  • Conclusion

My introduction would clearly set down the trajectory for all of those other paper, and separating the materials into these subsections will make sure your reader always knows where he/she is in the essay. Having a organization that is clear highlighting that structure will have a giant effect on how well your thinking are understood and certainly will create your writing much more effective.

Some Additional Resources

Additional information about how to structure an essay can be seen at:

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